Nov 23, 2007 1:10 AM
Subject: Pilgrims Quiz (ENCARTA QUIZZES)
Body: November 22, 2007
By Myriam Gabriel-Pollock
Pilgrims are known for their rigid lives of religious devotion. But underneath the austerity, lay intrepid explorers with a knack for rugged living and a determination to survive on alien soil. Learn more about the hardships these English colonists endured for religious freedom and a new cultural identity, in our Pilgrims Quiz.
About how long did it take for the Pilgrims -- early English settlers who founded the first settlement in New England -- to sail from Plymouth, England, to where they dropped anchor near Provincetown, Massachusetts?
a) Three weeks
b) Over two months
c) About four months
d) Almost seven months
The Mayflower -- which, at about 27 m (90 ft), was just a bit longer than a standard tennis court -- had 102 passengers, plus a crew of 30. There were far too many people on board; why was the ship so overloaded?
a) There were more than 20 stowaways who were not discovered until the ship was out at sea.
b) The Pilgrims did not give the ship's captain a correct account of its passengers.
c) The Pilgrims forgot to add the 37 children to the ship's passenger roster.
d) The other ship on the journey, the Speedwell, was leaking; all but 20 passengers on this ship were moved to the Mayflower.
Once the Pilgrims had decided to settle in an abandoned Wampanoag village near the harbor, they began building homes. What were the Pilgrim houses modeled after?
a) The wooden, thatch-roofed English cottage
b) The river rock and mud homes found in rural parts of England
c) The circular, grass- or bark-roofed homes of the Wampanoag Indians who lived nearby
d) The finely crafted and spacious dwellings of the Dutch Colonial style
When the Pilgrims first began exploring the Cape Cod area, they found and stole large baskets of food that the Wampanoag Indians had buried on a big hill. What was in the baskets?
a) Dried fish
b) Barley and wheat seeds
c) Sweet potatoes
d) Corn kernels
Early life in Plymouth Colony was quite hard, with more than half the Pilgrims dying by the end of their first winter. What caused this to happen?
a) Inadequate housing
b) Poor nutrition
c) Diseases such as scurvy and pneumonia
d) All of the above
Squanto (or Tisquantum) was a Native American who became associated with the Wampanoag tribe after his own Patuxet tribe was decimated by a plague. He helped the Pilgrims immeasurably. What did Squanto not do for the Pilgrims?
a) Teach them how to plant corn
b) Teach them how to build an indoor cooking pit
c) Act as a guide and interpreter
d) Teach them how to fish and hunt in the area
Home building was a long and arduous task for the Pilgrims; after a year in Plymouth, only seven homes had been completed. Where did the Pilgrims live while building more homes?
a) In makeshift tents or shacks in the colony
b) Aboard the Mayflower
c) Several families crammed into each of the available homes.
d) In the caves they found on the hills above Plymouth
Life in the colony included a lot of physical labor for all the Pilgrims, including the children. What was a daily chore for all households in the colony?
a) Cutting and fetching wood; tending the fire
b) Hunting, gathering and preparing food
c) Fetching water in wooden buckets
d) All of the above
Which statement regarding the "First Thanksgiving," during the autumn of 1621, is true?
a) The Wampanoag Indians brought 14 wild turkeys as a gift to the Pilgrims.
b) Between meals, the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag played games.
c) It was a large sit-down feast with the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag Indians all together.
d) The Pilgrims still had very little food to eat, so the Wampanoag brought most of it.
What eventually happened to the Plymouth Colony?
a) The Pilgrims left and moved to larger outlying colonies.
b) The colony was annexed to Provincetown, Massachusetts, in 1702.
c) England united it with the Maine and Massachusetts Bay colonies in 1691.
d) A smallpox epidemic in 1635 wiped out most of the Pilgrims.
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The correct answer: B Over two months
Your answer: B Over two months
It took the Pilgrims over two months to reach America after leaving England. On September 16, 1620, these early English settlers left Plymouth, England, for America on the Mayflower. On November 21, the Mayflower dropped anchor in the sheltered harbor of present-day Provincetown, Massachusetts. On December 21, after exploring along Cape Cod, the Pilgrims landed and disembarked from the Mayflower near the head of the cape and founded Plymouth Colony. Today, people in New England celebrate December 21 as Forefathers' Day.
The correct answer: D The other ship on the journey, the Speedwell, was leaking; all but 20 passengers on this ship were moved to the Mayflower.
Your answer: D The other ship on the journey, the Speedwell, was leaking; all but 20 passengers on this ship were moved to the Mayflower.
There were originally two ships, the Mayflower and the Speedwell, that were to take the Pilgrims to America. The Speedwell kept leaking, and was declared unfit for the long journey. All but 20 passengers on the Speedwell were then crammed into the Mayflower -- which, at about 27 m (90 ft), was just a bit longer than a standard tennis court -- bringing the load to 102 passengers, plus a crew of 30. The Mayflower was a cargo ship, not a passenger ship, and therefore not well-equipped to handle so many people on a long trip. They lacked fresh water, bathrooms and proper sleeping spaces. It is a miracle that only one passenger, a young boy named William Butten, died during the voyage.
The correct answer: A The wooden, thatch-roofed English cottage
Your answer: A The wooden, thatch-roofed English cottage
Once the Pilgrims had decided to settle in an abandoned Wampanoag village near the harbor, they began building homes in the English cottage style. These wood-framed houses had a high, sloping roof covered in thatch or straw, dirt floors, and wooden boards for walls. The houses generally had a main room, a fireplace and an attic for storage or sleeping, and were usually about 800 sq ft (about 74 sq meters) in size.
The correct answer: D Corn kernels
Your answer: A Dried fish
When the Pilgrims first began exploring the Cape Cod area, they found and stole large baskets of corn kernels that the Wampanoag Indians had buried on a big hill, which the Pilgrims then named Corn Hill.
The correct answer: D All of the above
Your answer: D All of the above
Early life in Plymouth Colony was quite hard, with more than half the Pilgrims dying by the end of their first winter because of several reasons -- from inadequate housing, to poor nutrition, to diseases such as scurvy and pneumonia. Among the casualties was John Carver, the Pilgrims' leader and the first governor of the Plymouth Colony; he was succeeded by William Bradford. Bradford documented colony life, saying that almost every Pilgrim family lost a loved one during that first hard winter.
The correct answer: B Teach them how to build an indoor cooking pit
Your answer: C Act as a guide and interpreter
Squanto (or Tisquantum) -- a Native American who became associated with the Wampanoag tribe after his own Patuxet tribe was decimated by a plague -- helped the Pilgrims in many ways; however, he did not teach them how to build an indoor cooking pit. He first aided the starving Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony in 1621, teaching them how to fish and hunt in the area, as well as how to plant corn. He developed a friendship with the Pilgrims and acted as interpreter at the Treaty of Plymouth, signed in 1621 between the Wampanoag chief Massasoit and Governor William Bradford. While guiding a party under Bradford around Cape Cod the following year, Squanto became ill and died.
The correct answer: B Aboard the Mayflower
Your answer: B Aboard the Mayflower
While construction on their homes proceeded slowly, many of the Pilgrims continued to live aboard the Mayflower. Home building was a long and arduous task for the Pilgrims; after a year in Plymouth, only seven homes had been built. Each family had been assigned a piece of land about 2500 sq ft (about 232 sq meters), and was responsible for building their own house and tending their own garden. In the following years, more ships arrived, increasing the colony's available labor. By 1624, there were about 25 homes in the colony.
The correct answer: D All of the above
Your answer: D All of the above
Cutting and fetching wood; tending the fire; hunting, gathering and preparing food; fetching water in wooden buckets -- these were just a few of the countless chores that the Pilgrims did on a daily basis. There was grinding the corn, washing the laundry, sewing to do, cleaning the house, tending the garden and the livestock, caring for the young children and babies -- the work was endless!
The correct answer: B Between meals, the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag played games.
Your answer: D The Pilgrims still had very little food to eat, so the Wampanoag brought most of it.
The feast held in the autumn of 1621 by the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag Indians was to celebrate the Pilgrims' first bountiful harvest; the colony had much to be thankful for after their terrible first winter. The celebration lasted for several days. Between the many meals they shared, the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag played games they had taught one another; there was also target shooting, singing and dancing. The feast included venison, duck, cornmeal porridge, seafood, dried berries and squash.
The correct answer: C England united it with the Maine and Massachusetts Bay colonies in 1691.
Your answer: C England united it with the Maine and Massachusetts Bay colonies in 1691.
In 1691 the Plymouth Colony -- by now with a population over 7,000 -- was united by England to the Maine and Massachusetts Bay colonies to form the royal province of Massachusetts, which eventually became the state of the same name.
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